How to Fix Index Corruption in SharePoint Server Database?

Index corruption in SharePoint server

Are you the one struggling with the Index corruption in the SharePoint Server Database, wondering want went wrong or how to fix the Index corruption?

Then in this article, I’ll help you to fix SharePoint Server Index corruption issues.

Microsoft SharePoint is considered as one of the powerful application which was created to meet the complex and collaborative requirements of the business.

This is an efficient and cost-effective solution that is made to meet complex business requirements while improving productivity at work. This product is specially designed to combine portal and document management into a single application. SharePoint keeps all this information in various content databases specific to the different web applications.

The database which is created in SharePoint gets saved in SQL server files. But in many cases, this gets corrupted or and start throwing various errors due to various unexpected reasons.

And the SharePoint Index file corruption is one of them. And there are many reasons due to which you encounter the Index corruption error.

Reasons Responsible for the SharePoint Index File Corruption

  • Due to header corruption
  • If the database structure of SharePoint gets damaged, then it will lead the entire data into an inaccessible mode which will consequently bring the work into the position to stop.
  • Sometimes the virus or malware infection can also cause SharePoint corruption
  • The index file gets corrupted or damaged

So, these are some of the possible reasons responsible for the SharePoint index file corruption. now below check out the common errors related to Index file corruption in SharePoint.

Common SharePoint Index Corruption Errors:

Error 1: “Event ID: 74 Description: <data> an index corruption of type <data> was detected in catalog <data>. Stack trace is <data>”

The process responsible for these crawls and queries is Mssearch.exe and both these components in the search process are hosted by Mssearch.exe. So, if this exe file gets corrupted you may encounter the listed error.

The reasons for occurring such error message on screen are:

  • Failure of the disk can ultimately be caused damage to the index files.
  • Corrupted index of SharePoint.

Error 2: “Event ID: 71 Description: Content index on <data> could not be initialized. Error <data>. <data>”

When the Mssearch.exe is initialized, then the SharePoint foundation postpones the query and the crawl component activities. Such type of error is occurring because:

  • Due to insufficient memory
  • The damage of the index file
  • Index files are not accessible.

Error 3: “Event ID: 2588 Description: The index location for component <data> for application <data> is invalid: <data>”

  • This error occurs if the location of Index in SharePoint does not exist so when the application does not have the order for index folder creation at that specified location.

Error 4: “Event ID: 2442 Description: The index was paused. Context: Application ‘SharedServices3′, Catalog ‘AnchorProject’”

If there is corruption to the content database index in SharePoint Server then this error message gets displays on the screen.

And due to this, the users will not be able to access the database. And when the error appeared, you have to fix the cause of the problem. The error takes place due to the corrupt database index.

So, here it is suggested to repair the corrupted database index in SharePoint to repair the error.

Well, the most possible reason responsible for the error message is the corruption of indexes.

How to Fix Index Corruption in SharePoint Server Database?

Solution 1 – Verify Disk Corruption

Very first to fix Index corruption errors on SharePoint try to verify the disk corruption:

  • Try running the Chkdsk command on the server listed in the event details and verify the disk errors.

Check if the index file corruption in SharePoint is fixed or not

Solution 2: Create a New Crawl Component

Well if the above solution won’t work for you then try to create a new crawl component.

Follow the steps to do so:

  • First click on the SharePoint Central Administration Home page then click General Application Settings.
  • Now on the General Application Settings page, in the Search section, click Farm Search Administration.
  • Next, in the Search Service Applications section click on the Farm Search Administration page, then for the correct Search service application > click Modify Topology
  • Then on the Manage Search Topology page > click New, > from the context menu > choose Crawl Component.
  • Next in the Add Crawl Component dialog box > choose the correct farm server and crawl database, > type the location for the index if it is dissimilar from the location shown > click OK.
  • Lastly on the Manage Search Topology page > click Apply Topology Changes.

Hopefully, this may works for you to fix SharePoint index file corruption. But if in case this fails then here it is suggested to opt for an automatic solution.

Best & Easy Solution to Fix Index Corruption Error in SharePoint Server Database

If the given manual solution works for you then here it is suggested to use professional SharePoint Database Recovery Software. This software repairs all the corrupt content database of SharePoint.

This tool also allows the user to retrieve the SharePoint database like tables, documents, labels, etc. this software is incorporated with a simple and rich graphical user interface to offer easy SharePoint recovery.

With the help of this tool, you can recover quickly all the crucial site content and uploaded documents to the SharePoint Server which includes articles, blogs, etc. It allows previewing the database objects too actual recovery and helps you to verify the data before saving it to your system. This recovery software:

  • Searches for SharePoint databases
  • Preview of SharePoint Data
  • Upload Database files to SharePoint Server.

Steps to Run the SharePoint Repair Tool

  • Firstly, download, install, and launch the SharePoint Recovery Tool.
  • The interface screen displays two options to recover SharePoint data: ‘Complete Repair‘ and ‘Document Recovery‘. Select as per your requirement.

  • If you choose ‘Complete Repair‘, the screen will show the options for selecting and searching SQL Server (.MDF) files. Click on ‘Browse‘ to select a SharePoint database for repair.
  • If you do not know the actual path of the database which you want to repair, click on the ‘Find‘ to locate the MDF file in a specific drive.
  • After selecting the desired file initiate the scanning process.

  • After finishing the scan, the software would generate a tree of all SharePoint database tables and will display it in the left pane. You can select the table in the tree and can have the entire preview in the right pane. Then click on ‘Repair‘ to begin repairing for the selected database.
  • After clicking on ‘Repair‘, this dialog box will appear. Specify the SQL Server name or Instance name and the desired destination path.
  • Click on the ‘Browse‘ option to choose the destination path. And select the ‘OK‘ button.
  • Once this process gets completed, you would find a dialog box that displays this message ‘Recovered file saved at the desired location.” This shows that Recovery Process has successfully completed’.
  • Select the ‘OK‘ button.
  • You would find another dialog box that asks whether you want to attach the repaired database to the web application. If you click on the ‘Yes‘ button, the above dialog box will be displayed.
  • In the web application type URL, the name of the corrupt database and SQL Server Instance name.
  • Then select the ‘OK‘ button and proceed.
  • When the process gets finished, you would be able to access the repaired database by opening the web application.


Index corruption in SharePoint server database is very irritating but from time to time many users encounter this error in the SharePoint server database.

So, here in this article, I tried my best to list down the best possible solutions to fix the SharePoint Index error.

Make sure to follow the solutions given carefully and fix the SharePoint server database Index corruption.

Hope the solutions given works for you. But if not then feel free to try the SharePoint Repair Tool.

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